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The TFA contains 40 technical measures that signatory states must implement to reduce trade costs. Each member is also required to publish all information on procedures, rules, royalties and fees on the Internet. Di Giovanni, J., Levchenko, A. A. (2012). Country Size, International Trade, and Damuri, Y. R. (2006). Assessing the need for a selection of trade facilitation measures in Indonesia: impact on WTO negotiations on trade facilitation. Asia-Pacific Research and Training Network on Trade Working Paper Series (10).

Deardorff, A. (2001). Local comparative advantage; Trade costs and trade patterns, transformed. University of Michigan. Hummels, D. (2001). Time as a `commercial barrier`, Mimeo, Purdue University, July. The Trade Facilitation Agreement is part of the Bali package reached at the 9th WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali in December 2013. The agreement came into force on 22 February 2017 when two WTO/3 member states ratified the protocol amending the Marrakesh agreement.

Indonesia ratified the Trade Facilitation Agreement by Law 17/2017 on the ratification of the protocol amending the Marrakesh Agreement establishing a World Trade Organization. In order to facilitate the implementation of the Facilitation Agreement on the basis of the mandate of Article 23.2 of the Trade Facilitation Agreement, each Member State establishes a National Trade Facilitation Committee (NCTF) or designates an existing mechanism to facilitate internal coordination in the implementation of the content of the agreement. To fulfill this mandate, Indonesia created the National Trade Facilitation Committee (KNFP) by the 2018 decree of the Minister of Economy Coordinator No. 199 of 2018. Tom Butterly, an international NCTF expert, led the lively discussion. Participants from 18 ministries, border management agencies and the private sector learned how to use best practices to coordinate trade facilitation reforms between different border authorities. The debate focused on the role and responsibilities of the NCTF and on key trade facilitation reforms in Indonesia. The agreement provides special provisions for developing and least developed countries, which allow them to implement the agreement on the basis of their own assessment, including technical assistance and capacity-building assistance. Tambunan, T.

T. (2013). Improved trade facilitation: impact on small and medium-sized exporting enterprises in Indonesia: ARTNeT Working Paper Series. “It is still being ratified. I hope that it can be included immediately in the National Legislation Programme (Prolegnas). […] The agreement is in line with our policy,” he said in Jakarta on Wednesday. This contribution analyses the effects of trade facilitation on the export performance of Indonesia`s manufacturing industry. Specific data from Indonesia and 30 countries as major trading partners for raw material production for the period 2010-2014 were used to establish trade facilitation indicators, including measures in the area of customs and regulation, port efficiency and services sector infrastructure.